Daily prayer and reading in Luther’s Small

and Large Catechism

Divine Shepherd Lutheran Church and School 

Lent 2020

Matthew 6:5-14

“And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites. For they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others. Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. But when you pray, go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you. “And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. Pray then like this: “Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.[a] 10 Your kingdom come, your will be done,[b] on earth as it is in heaven. 11 Give us this day our daily bread,[c] 12 and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. 13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.[d] 14 For if you forgive others their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you, 15 but if you do not forgive others their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

THE LORD’S PRAYER

1] We have now heard what we must do and believe, in which things the best and happiest life consists. Now follows the third part, how we ought to pray.

2] For since we are so situated that no man can perfectly keep the Ten Commandments, even though he had begun to believe, and since the devil with all his power, together with the world and our own flesh, resists our endeavors, nothing is so necessary as that we should continually resort to the ear of God, call upon Him, and pray to Him, that He would give, preserve, and increase in us faith and the fulfillment of the Ten Commandments, and that He would remove everything that is in our way and opposes us therein.

3] But that we might know what and how to pray, our Lord Christ has Himself taught us both the mode and the words, as we shall see.

4] But before we explain the Lord’s Prayer part by part, it is most necessary first to exhort and incite people to prayer,  as  Christ and the apostles also have done.

5] And the first matter is to know that it is our duty to pray because of God’s commandment. For thus we heard in the Second Commandment: Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain, that we  are there required to praise that holy name, and call upon it in every need, or to pray. For to call upon the name of God is nothing else than to pray.

6] Prayer is therefore as strictly and earnestly commanded as all other commandments: to have no other God, not to kill, not to steal, etc. Let no one think that it is all the same whether he pray or not, as vulgar people do, who grope in such delusion and ask, Why should I pray? Who knows whether God heeds or will hear my prayer? If I do not pray, some one else will. And thus they fall into the habit of never praying, and frame a pretext, as though we taught that there is no duty or need of prayer because we reject false and hypocritical prayers.

7] But this is true indeed that such prayers as having been offered hitherto when men were babbling and bawling in the churches were no prayers. For such external matters, when they are properly observed, may be a good exercise for young children, scholars, and simple persons, and may be called singing or reading, but not really praying.

8] But praying, as the Second Commandment teaches, is to call upon God in every need. This He requires of us, and has not left it to our choice. But it is our duty and obligation to pray if we would be Christians, as much as it is our duty and obligation to obey our parents and the government; for by calling upon it and praying the name of God is honored and profitably employed.

9] This you must note above all things, that thereby you may silence and repel such thoughts as would keep and deter us from prayer. For just as it would be idle for a son to say to his father, “Of what advantage is my obedience? I will go and do what I can; it is all the same;” but there stands the commandment, Thou shalt and must do it, so also here it is not left to my will to do it or leave it undone, but prayer shall and must be offered at the risk of God’s wrath and displeasure.

Think about the readings.

From St. Matthew 6:5-14

Our Lord through faith, continually drives us to repent of our sins.   That is why he reiterates forgiveness again in vs. 14-15

Who is it you have a hard time forgiving?

Why?

From the Large Catechism reading.

Why do I pray?

What commandment deals with praying?

Luther says “Prayer is our duty and obligation” and “thou shalt and must do it” 

What keeps me from praying?  

How do I change that? 

Today I am praying for:

Luke 11: 1-13

11 Now Jesus[a] was praying in a certain place, and when he finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.” And he said to them, “When you pray, say: “Father, hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread,[b] and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.” And he said to them, “Which of you who has a friend will go to him at midnight and say to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves, for a friend of mine has arrived on a journey, and I have nothing to set before him’; and he will answer from within, ‘Do not bother me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I cannot get up and give you anything’? I tell you, though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet because of his impudence[c] he will rise and give him whatever he needs. And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened. 11 What father among you, if his son asks for[d] a fish, will instead of a fish give him a serpent; 12 or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 13 If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!”

 

The Large Catechism, The Lord’s Prayer Introduction, part 2

 10] This is therefore to be understood and noted  before everything else, in order that thereby we may silence and repel the thoughts which would keep and deter us from praying, as though it were not of much consequence if we do not pray, or as though it were commanded those who are holier and in better favor with God than we; as, indeed, the human heart is by nature so despondent that it always flees from God and imagines that He does not wish or desire our prayer, because we are sinners and have merited nothing but wrath.

11] Against such thoughts (I say) we should regard this commandment and turn to God, that we may not by such disobedience excite His anger still more. For by this commandment He gives us plainly to understand that He will not cast us from Him nor chase us away, although we are sinners, but rather draw us to Himself, so that we might humble ourselves before Him, bewail this misery and plight of ours, and pray for grace and help. Therefore we read in the Scriptures that He is angry also with those who were smitten for their sin, because they did not return to Him and by their prayers assuage His wrath and seek His grace.

12] Now, from the fact that it is so solemnly commanded to pray, you are to conclude and think, that no one should by any means despise his prayer,  but rather set great store by it,

13] and always seek an illustration from the other commandments. A child should by no means despise his obedience to father and mother, but should always think: This work is a work of obedience, and what I do I do with no other intention than that I may walk in the obedience and commandment of God, on which I can settle and stand firm, and esteem it a great thing, not on account of my worthiness, but on account of the commandment. So here also, what and for what we pray we should regard as demanded by God and done in obedience to Him, and should reflect thus: On my account, it would amount to nothing; but it shall avail, for the reason that God has commanded it. Therefore everybody, no matter what he has to say in prayer, should always come before God in obedience to this commandment.

 

Think about the readings.

From St. Luke

St. Luke drives home the point that we can and should expect good gifts from our earthly Fathers.  What can we expect from our heavenly Father?

From the Large Catechism.

Luther writes “indeed, the human heart is by nature so despondent that it always flees from God and imagines that He does not wish or desire our prayer,” 

How does God change my heart? 

Today I am praying for:

 

1st Thessalonians 5:12-18

12 We ask you, brothers, to respect those who labor among you and are over you in the Lord and admonish you, 13 and to esteem them very highly in love because of their work. Be at peace among yourselves. 14 And we urge you, brothers, admonish the idle,[c] encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with them all. 15 See that no one repays anyone evil for evil, but always seek to do good to one another and to everyone. 16 Rejoice always, 17 pray without ceasing, 18 give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you. 

 

The Large Catechism, The Lord’s Prayer Introduction, part 3

 14] We pray, therefore, and exhort everyone most diligently to take this to heart and by no means to despise our prayer. For hitherto it has been taught thus in the devil’s name that no one regarded these things, and men supposed it to be sufficient to have done the work, whether God would hear it or not. But that is staking prayer on a risk, and murmuring it at a venture; and therefore it is a lost prayer.

15] For we allow such thoughts as these to lead us astray and deter us: I am not holy or worthy enough; if I were as godly and holy as St. Peter or St. Paul, then I would pray. But put such thoughts far away, for just the same commandment which applied to St. Paul applies also to me; and the Second Commandment is given as much on my account as on his account, so that he can boast of no better or holier commandment.

16] Therefore you should say: My prayer is as precious, holy, and pleasing to God as that of St. Paul or of the most holy saints. This is the reason: For I will gladly grant that he is holier in his person, but not on account of the commandment; since God does not regard prayer on account of the person, but on account of His word and obedience thereto. For on the commandment on which all the saints rest their prayer I, too, rest mine. Moreover, I pray for the same thing for which they all pray and ever have prayed; besides, I have just as great a need of it as those great saints, yea, even a greater one than they.

17] Let this be the first and most important point, that all our prayers must be based and rest upon obedience to God, irrespective of our person, whether we be sinners or saints, worthy or unworthy.

18] And we must know that God will not have it treated as a jest, but be angry, and punish all who do not pray, as surely as He punishes all other disobedience; next, that He will not suffer our prayers to be in vain or lost. For if He did not intend to answer your prayer, He would not bid you pray and add such a severe commandment to it.

 

Think about the readings.

1st Thessalonians.  What does it mean to “pray without ceasing”?

Is prayer natural in every part and aspect of my life?

 

From the Large Catechism.

When you can’t find the words to pray remember this, “The Lord’s Prayer is a great advantage indeed over all other prayers that we might pray. Hence there is no nobler prayer to be found upon earth than the Lord’s Prayer.

Today I am praying for:

James 1: 2-8

Count it all joy, my brothers,[b] when you meet trials of various kinds, for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness. And let steadfastness have its full effect, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him. But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind. For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord; he is a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways.

 

The Large Catechism, The Lord’s Prayer Introduction, part 4

 19] In the second place, we should be the more urged and incited to pray because God has also added a promise, and declared that it shall surely be done to us as we pray, as He says Ps. 50:15: Call upon Me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee. And Christ in the Gospel of St. Matthew 7:7: Ask, and it shall be given you. For every one that asketh receiveth.

20] Such promises ought certainly to encourage and kindle our hearts to pray with pleasure and delight, since He testifies with His [own] word that our prayer is heartily pleasing to Him, moreover, that it shall assuredly be heard and granted, in order that we may not despise it or think lightly of it, and pray at a venture.

21] This you can hold up to Him and say: Here I come, dear Father, and pray, not of my own purpose nor upon my own worthiness, but at Thy commandment and promise, which cannot fail or deceive me. Whoever, therefore, does not believe this promise must know again that he excites God to anger as a person who most highly dishonors Him and reproaches Him with falsehood.

22] Besides this, we should be incited and drawn to prayer because in addition to this commandment and promise God anticipates us, and Himself arranges the words and form of prayer for us, and places them upon our lips as to how and what we should pray, that we may see how heartily He pities us in our distress, and may never doubt that such prayer is pleasing to Him and shall certainly be answered; which [the Lord’s Prayer] is a great advantage indeed over all other prayers that we might compose ourselves.

23] For in them the conscience would ever be in doubt and say: I have prayed, but who knows how it pleases Him, or whether I have hit upon the right proportions and form? Hence there is no nobler prayer to be found upon earth than the Lord’s Prayer which we daily pray, because it has this excellent testimony, that God loves to hear it, which we ought not to surrender for all the riches of the world.

 

Think about the readings.

From James. 

If I am desiring wisdom where should I turn? 

 

From the Large Catechism.

Luther is reacting to Priests and clerics that pray printed prayers.  They simply go through the motions.  Luther himself confessed he would get distracted when praying the Lord’s prayer.   His remedy?  While praying, he would concentrate on one part of the prayer.    Try it as you pray the prayer or sing the liturgy!   

Today I am praying for:

 

 

 

1st Timothy 2:1-6

First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man[a] Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all, which is the testimony given at the proper time.

 

The Large Catechism, The Lord’s Prayer Introduction, part 5

24] And it has been prescribed also for this reason that we should see and consider the distress which ought to urge and compel us to pray without ceasing. For whoever would pray must have something to present, state, and name which he desires; if not, it cannot be called a prayer.

25] Therefore we have rightly rejected the prayers of monks and priests, who howl and growl day and night like fiends; but none of them think of praying for a hair’s breadth of anything. And if we would assemble all the churches, together with all ecclesiastics, they would be obliged to confess that they have never from the heart prayed for even a drop of wine. For none of them has ever purposed to pray from obedience to God and faith in His promise, nor has any one regarded any distress, but (when they had done their best) they thought no further than this, to do a good work, whereby they might repay God, as being unwilling to take anything from Him, but wishing only to give Him something.

26] But where there is to be a true prayer, there must be earnestness. Men must feel their distress, and such distress as presses them and compels them to call and cry out; then prayer will be made spontaneously, as it ought to be, and men will require no teaching how to prepare for it and to attain to the proper devotion.

27] But the distress which ought to concern us most, both as regards ourselves and everyone, you will find abundantly set forth in the Lord’s Prayer. Therefore, it is to serve also to remind us of the same, that we contemplate it and lay it to heart, lest we become remiss in prayer. For we all have enough that we lack, but the great want is that we do not feel nor see it. Therefore God also requires that you lament and plead such necessities and wants, not because He does not know them, but that you may kindle your heart to stronger and greater desires, and make wide and open your cloak to receive much.

 

Think about the readings.

From 1st Timothy. 

Often we find ourselves praying for the same people.  Why is it important to pray for people out of our circle?

Do you pray for your enemies?

 

From the Large Catechism. 

Often people say “I am not good at praying.  When a child learns to talk, he or she is not very good either.  Praying and being comfortable in prayer takes practice.   Do you pray with your spouse or other people?  Try it.  It will make you better and more confident in talking to your Heavenly Father like a child talks to his earthly father.

Today I am I praying for?

 

Romans 8:26-28

26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because[g] the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. 28 And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good,[h] for those who are called according to his purpose.

 

The Large Catechism, The Lord’s Prayer Introduction, part 6

28] Therefore, every one of us should accustom himself from his youth daily to pray for all his wants, whenever he is sensible of anything affecting his interests or that of other people among whom he may live, as for preachers, the government, neighbors, domestics, and always (as we have said) to hold up to God His commandment and promise, knowing that He will not have them disregarded.

29] This I say because I would like to see these things brought home again to the people that they might learn to pray truly, and not go about coldly and indifferently, whereby they become daily more unfit for prayer; which is just what the devil desires, and for what he works with all his powers. For he is well aware what damage and harm it does him when prayer is in proper practices.

 

Think about the readings.

From Romans. 

Our prayers do not need to be perfectly formed when we pray them.   The Holy Spirit makes them perfect as God hears them.  Have no fear child of God!  Pray boldly, pray with your family, friends and remember to watch and see God working and answering prayer. 

 

From the Large Catechism.

We underestimate the power of prayer.  Luther writes, “Whereby the devil thought to crush us, together with the Gospel, except that the prayer of a few godly men intervened like a wall of iron”.

Who needs my prayers this week, this month, this year?

Today am I praying for?

 

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?

God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

How is God’s name kept holy?

God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it. Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven! But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the name of God among us. Protect us from this, heavenly Father!

 

36]      This is, indeed, somewhat obscure, and not expressed in good German, for in our mother-tongue we would say: Heavenly Father, help that by all means, Thy name may be holy. 37] But what is it to pray that His name may be holy? Is it not holy already? Answer: Yes, it is always holy in its nature, but in our use, it is not holy. For God’s name was given us when we became Christians and were baptized so that we are called children of God and have the Sacraments, by which He so incorporates us in Himself that everything which is God’s must serve for our use. 38] Here now the great need exists for which we ought to be most concerned, that this name have its proper honor, be esteemed holy and sublime as the greatest treasure and sanctuary that we have; and that as godly children we pray that the name of God, which is already holy in heaven, may also be and remain holy with us upon earth and in all the world. 39] But how does it become holy among us? Answer, as plainly as it can be said: When both our doctrine and life are godly and Christian. For since in this prayer, we call God our Father, it is our duty always to deport and demean ourselves as godly children, that He may not receive shame, but honor and praise from us. 40] Now the name of God is profaned by us either in words or in works. (For whatever we do upon the earth must be either words or works, speech or act.) 41] In the first place, then, it is profaned when men preach, teach, and speak in the name of God what is false and misleading, so that His name must serve to adorn and to find a market for falsehood. That is, indeed, the greatest profanation and dishonor of the divine name. Furthermore, also when men, by swearing, cursing, conjuring, etc., grossly abuse the holy name as a cloak for their shame. In the second place, also by an openly wicked life and works, when those who are called Christians and the people of God are adulterers, drunkards, misers, envious, and slanderers. 42] Here again must the name of God come to shame and be profaned because of us. 43] For just as it is a shame and disgrace to a natural father to have a bad, perverse child that opposes him in words and deeds, so that on its account he suffers contempt and reproach, 44] so also it brings dishonor upon God if we who are called by His name and have all manner of goods from Him teach, speak, and live in any other manner except as godly and heavenly children, so that people say of us that we must be not God’s, but the devil’s children. 45] Thus you see that in this petition we pray just for that which God demands in the Second Commandment; namely, that His name be not taken in vain to swear, curse, lie, deceive, etc., but be usefully employed to the praise and honor of God. For whoever employs the name of God for any sort of wrong profanes and desecrates this holy name, as aforetime a church was considered desecrated when a murder or any other crime had been committed in it, or when a pyx or relic was desecrated, as being holy in themselves, yet become unholy in use. 46] Thus this point is easy and clear if only the language is understood, that to hallow is the same as in our idiom to praise, magnify, and honor both in word and deed. 47] Here, now, learn how great need there is of such prayer. For because we see how full the world is of sects and false teachers, who all wear the holy name as a cover and sham for their doctrines of devils,  we ought by all means to pray without ceasing, and to cry and call upon God against all such as preach and believe falsely and whatever opposes and persecutes our Gospel and pure doctrine, and would suppress it, as bishops, tyrants, enthusiasts, etc. Likewise, also for ourselves who have the Word of God, but are not thankful for it, nor live as we ought according to the same. 48] If now you pray for this with your heart, you can be sure that it pleases God; for He will not hear anything more dear to Him than that His honor and praise is exalted above everything else, and His Word is taught in its purity and is esteemed precious and dear.

Dr. Luther writes,” But how does it (God’s Name) become holy among us?” “When both our doctrine and life are godly and Christian.” Does the life you live and the doctrine of God’s Word line up?

What areas need more attention? 

 

How can you bring about improvement? 

 

“To hallow means the same as to praise, magnify, and honor both in word and deed.” 

 

What are some ways we hallow God’s Name in Word? 

 

What is the connection to the 3rd Commandments?

 

What is the connection to the 2nd Article of the Apostles Creed?

 

What is the connection to the Lord’s Supper? 

 

What are some ways we hallow God’s Name in our deeds? 

 

To hallow God’s Name in Word is to hear Jesus.  From His written Word, from the pulpit, from the Lord’s Supper, the message is the same.   You are forgiven by the Word made flesh,….. on the +cross+,…..  for you! 

 

Today I am praying for:

 

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

Matthew 1:18-25      Isaiah 9:2-7

 

The First Petition

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?

God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

 

It may seem odd to read Christmas readings in a Lenten devotional on the 1st Petition of the Lord’s Prayer.  It all has to do with The Name. 

 

From the Matthew reading, what does the Name Jesus mean? 

We refer to Jesus as “Christ” as well.  What does Christ mean?  (Hint) the OT. Translation for Christ would-be Messiah.

 

Hallowed be Thy Name directly connects us with God in the Flesh. When we pray this petition, we are praying for the right preaching, teaching, and worship of Jesus. 

 

Why is it important that the church we attend preach and teach correctly even when it is unpopular or countercultural?

 

What is the connection of this petition, you, and Holy Baptism?  

 

Today I am praying for: 

              

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

Luke 2:8-21  Hebrews 9:22   Luke 24:1-7

The First Petition

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?

God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

 

How old was Jesus when He was circumcised?

 

Why was He circumcised? 

 

  1. Circumcision was not done for hygienic reasons as it is today. It was the law. It was the physical mark that set the Jews apart as God’s chosen people. One week and the first day of the new week Jesus was cut.  Jesus experienced pain.  Jesus bleed. 

 

According to Hebrews 9, what must happen for us to receive the forgiveness of sins?

 

God created in 6 days and rested on the 7th.  Sin came into the world and corrupted the perfect creation. Holy blood was shed for the first time on the 8th day. Jesus rose again on the first day of the week.  God’s broken creation (7 days) made new on the 1st day of the week.  (8 days!)  Jesus is the firstborn of the new (redeemed creation).

 

All of this comes to you in your Baptism. 

 

Who’s Name are you Baptized into?

 

Traditionally Baptismal founts have 8 sides.

What is the connection?  

 

All of Scripture points to Jesus.  All of Scripture drives us to see how Hallowed God’s Name, Jesus, is in our lives.

 

Because God’s Name, is Holy when He gives us His Name we are holy as well!  

 

Today I am praying for:

          

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

 

 

 

 

 

 

The First Petition

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?

God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

How is God’s name kept holy?

God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it. Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven! But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the name of God among us. Protect us from this, heavenly Father!

 

Large Catechism: 2nd Commandment 51-52 

If someone now asks, “How do you understand the Second Commandment?” or “What is meant by taking God’s name in vain, or misusing God’s name?” answer briefly in this way: “It means misusing God’s name when we call upon the Lord God- no matter how- in order to deceive or do wrong of any kind.”  Therefore, this commandment makes his point:  God’s name must not be appealed to falsely, or taken upon the lips, while the heart knows well enough – should know- that the truth of the matter is different.  This is what happens with people who take oaths in court, where one side lies against the other. For God’s name cannot be misused worse than for the support of falsehood and deceit 

Sin is sinister.  Even when we pray this most holy prayer, when we call on the Name above all names to hear us, sin causes us to doubt.   At the beginning of the Lord’s Prayer Dr. Luther encourages us to pray “with all boldness and confidence”.  That is because God’s Name bring God’s power.  God’s power breaks into our world in answered prayers. 

 

Do you pray boldly?

 

Do you pray in confidence? 

 

Fear not dear child of God “the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words”. Romans 8:26

 

Luke 23: 32-43

Two thieves crucified with the Innocent One between them.  Jesus gives the bold assurance “today you will be with me in paradise” to the second of these thieves, not the first.  

 

What was the difference in the prayer of these two thieves?

 

Calling on God’s Name in faith, trusts in the power and promise of the Holy Trinity. Calling on God’s Name trusts that even in our weakness of doubt we are forgiven because Jesus’ Name has been watermarked on your forehead in your Baptism. 

 

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

 

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer. 

Today I heard God’s Word taught and I learned:

 

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

 

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

The First Petition

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?

God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

 

How is God’s name kept holy?

God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it. Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven! But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the name of God among us. Protect us from this, heavenly Father!

 

Isaiah 6:1-6

Matthew 8:1-8

 

Isaiah, the Leper, the Centurion, all help us to see what “hallowed be Thy Name” means in our world.   Isaiah saw what “Hallowed by thy Name” looked like. He was brought into the throne room of God. “Hallowed be Thy Name was everywhere he looked. The foundations of heaven shook. The heavenly seraphim would not, look at God’s holiness.   The house was filled with smoke. Most of all Isaiah recognized “he was a man of unclean lips” and he had seen the Lord. That should have meant his end. 

 

The Leper was someone, no one would touch.  His statement to Jesus was an honest one.  “If you will, you can make me clean”.  The Leper hoped but did not expect Jesus to subject Himself to this disgusting deadly disease. 

 

The Centurion recognized 2 things.   His servant needed to be healed from his paralysis, and he, the Centurion, was a Roman not of the nation of Israel.  Asking Jesus for help was a long shot.

 

All of these men should have been excluded from Jesus’ healing hand. Isaiah because of his sin. The Leper because of his disease, the Centurion and his servant because of their Nationality. All were healed. None were excluded.

 

The “Hallowed Name of God” desires to heal, to restore, to forgive and show Mercy.  When we pray this petition of the Lord’s Prayer, we are reminded again that God Holy Name does not expect or demand that we get cleaned up first. It does not expect that we will or can seek out God.   The holiness of God comes to us.  Isaiah’s sins were atoned for in the promise of Jesus.  Jesus reaches into the Lepers disease and heals, making Himself unclean.  The Centurion sees firsthand that Jesus’ desire is Mercy for all. 

“God’s Name is certainly holy in itself” and Father Son and Holy Spirit seek to heal, forgive, restore creation by joining with it.  The Hallowed Name of God took on flesh and dwelt among us to heal you. 

 

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

 

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer 

 

The First Petition

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean? God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

How is God’s name kept holy?

God’s name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it. Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven! But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the name of God among us. Protect us from this, heavenly Father!

Luke 23:32-49

At the end of Jesus’ life, the Holy Word of God calls on the Holy Name of God to forgive. “Father forgive them”.  That was for you.  God’s Name, His promises, and presence will not, cannot be where evil is.  So instead of condemning us, God does what only He can do. He holies us. By His Holy Word, Jesus, you are forgiven all your sins.  The wonder of the 1st Petition is this, “God’s name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also”.

We keep God’s Name holy not by what we do, but by receiving what he gives to us as gifts.

What are some of those gifts?  

Jesus’ last prayer was this. “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” Did you notice how Jesus addressed the Holy Name? Father, the same way we pray the Lord’s Prayer.  Father, a term of affection, intimacy, and vulnerability.  God heard this prayer. He answered with the greatest gift mankind has ever seen.  Forgiveness for you.  Every sin, everything that could and should separate you from the Holy, Hallowed Name of the most High God has been removed by the blood of the Word, Jesus.  

It always amazes me when we slow down, when we let God’s Hallowed Spirit teach us, what we learn about His love.

What did you learn about these 4 words?  “Hallowed by thy Name? 

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer 

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

THE SECOND PETITION

Thy kingdom come.

49] As we prayed in the First Petition concerning the honor and name of God that He would prevent the world from adorning its lies and wickedness with it, but cause it to be esteemed sublime and holy both in doctrine and life, so that He may be praised and magnified in us, so here we pray that His kingdom also may come. 50] But just as the name of God is in itself holy, and we pray nevertheless that it be holy among us, so also His kingdom comes of itself, without our prayer, yet we pray nevertheless that it may come to us, that is, prevail among us and with us, so that we may be a part of those among whom His name is hallowed and His kingdom prospers. 51] But what is the kingdom of God? Answer: Nothing else than what we learned in the Creed, that God sent His Son Jesus Christ, our Lord, into the world to redeem and deliver us from the power of the devil, and to bring us to Himself, and to govern us as a King of righteousness, life, and salvation against sin, death, and an evil conscience, for which end He has also bestowed His Holy Ghost, who is to bring these things home to us by His holy Word, and to illumine and strengthen us in the faith by His power.

52] Therefore we pray here in the first place that this may become effective with us, and that His name be so praised through the holy Word of God and a Christian life that both we who have accepted it may abide and daily grow therein, and that it may gain approbation and adherence among other people and proceed with power throughout the world, that many may find entrance into the Kingdom of Grace, be made partakers of redemption, being led thereto by the Holy Ghost, in order that thus we may all together remain forever in the one kingdom now begun.

This first section of the Large Catechism takes up the question “But what is God’s Kingdom?” King and Kingdom often for us to think of person and land area they rule over.   A better way to think about the Second petition is using the term reign instead of Kingdom

What does it mean to reign over something?

How does Reign differ from Kingdom? 

What areas of my life am I refusing to let God reign over?

God’s reign over us will destroy us if we refuse to repent.   When we stop resisting His reign, we see the complete Gospel nature of His love.  John 3:17 is the picture of Jesus Gospel reign. 

Today I am praying for: 

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

53] For the coming of God’s Kingdom to us occurs in two ways; first, here in time through the Word and faith; and secondly, in eternity forever through revelation. Now we pray for both these things, that it may come to those who are not yet in it, and, by daily increase, to us who have received the same, and hereafter in eternal life. 54] All this is nothing else than saying: Dear Father, we pray, give us first Thy Word, that the Gospel be preached properly throughout the world; and secondly, that it be received in faith, and work and live in us, so that through the Word and the power of the Holy Ghost Thy kingdom may prevail among us, and the kingdom of the devil be put down, that he may have no right or power over us, until at last it shall be utterly destroyed, and sin, death, and hell shall be exterminated, that we may live forever in perfect righteousness and blessedness. 55] From this you perceive that we pray here not for a crust of bread or a temporal, perishable good, but for an eternal inestimable treasure and everything that God Himself possesses; which is far too great for any human heart to think of desiring if He had not Himself commanded us to pray for the same. 56] But because He is God, He also claims the honor of giving much more and more abundantly than anyone can comprehend,-like an eternal, unfailing fountain, which, the more it pours forth and overflows, the more it continues to give,-and He desires nothing more earnestly of us than that we ask much and great things of Him, and again is angry if we do not ask and pray confidently. 57] For just as when the richest and most mighty emperor would bid a poor beggar ask whatever he might desire, and were ready to give great imperial presents, and the fool would beg only for a dish of gruel, he would be rightly considered a rogue and a scoundrel, who treated the command of his imperial majesty as a jest and sport, and was not worthy of coming into his presence: so also it is a great reproach and dishonor to God if we, to whom He offers and pledges so many unspeakable treasures, despise the same, or have not the confidence to receive them, but scarcely venture to pray for a piece of bread.

58] All this is the fault of the shameful unbelief which does not look to God for as much good as will satisfy the stomach, much less expects, without doubt, such eternal treasures of God. Therefore we must strengthen ourselves against it, and let this be our first prayer;  then, indeed, we shall have all else in abundance, as Christ teaches [ Matt. 6:33 ]: Seek ye first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. For how could He allow us to suffer want and to be straightened in temporal things when He promises that which is eternal and imperishable?

One of the realities of faith is that we recognize two things.   We live in the now, today, and if we are blessed, in to future a bit. We also recognize when this life is over there is eternity, with or without God.  We talk about that concept we use the term “the now and the not yet”.  Luther uses two slightly different terms.

 #53 What are they 

#56 Once again Luther confronts us with our lack of faith and timidness in praying.  He writes, “He (God) is angry if we do not ask and pray confidently.” 

Why don’t we ask God for “much and great things”?

#57-58   Luther impresses upon us the importance of seeing the bigger picture of Salvation. We know God’s desire is to save all. We know that He hears and answers our prayers.  Why is it such a shame when a beggar only asks for a dish of gruel from the richest and most mighty emperor? 

How do prayers that only affect me and my loved ones reflect a weak or immature faith and a small God?  

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:    

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

God’s Kingdom of Power Mark 5:1-13

 When we consider “thy Kingdom (Reign) come” Mark helps us understand the magnitude of what God’s Power looks like.

How did the demons address Jesus?

A Roman legion contained 4000 to 6000 military men.  Nothing could resist a Roman legion.  With demonic power and strength in numbers these demons quickly bowed to Jesus power.  What did they beg Jesus to do? 

For reasons we do not understand Jesus had mercy even on the demons.  He did not cast them into hell.  Jesus reign and His power extends from heaven to earth and even those under the earth, the demons.  

What are the powerful implications for our world when we pray “thy Kingdom Come”?

Today I am praying for:  

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

 God’s Kingdom of Grace  John 8:1-11

Grace is God giving us what we don’t deserve.  The woman in this Gospel account was caught.  She was stepping out on her husband.  The law of Moses gave the scribes and Pharisees the right to kill her for her offense.   As the crowd “tested” Jesus He said this. “Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.”  Then he started writing on the ground with His finger.  What Jesus wrote has always intrigued me.  Did He write out the private sins of the Pharisees?  If Jesus wrote your private sins on the ground in front of your friends what would you do?   I know I would sneak away as quietly as I could.    When our sins confront us, either through our conscience or by the preaching of God’s Word our response is to run, hide, and blame.  Even there in our justifying ourselves “Thy Kingdom comes”.  God’s Kingdom, His reign over sin and death and hell comes to us in Jesus.  It comes to us in Grace. 

Perhaps Jesus wrote GRACE on the ground in front of the Pharisees?  Remember grace is God through Jesus giving us what we don’t deserve.  The Pharisees who only wanted punishment for the woman would not have been able to stand such power, reigning over her in love. 

God’s Kingdom, His reign over you comes through His Grace.  Instead of destroying you for your sins, God gives that death to Jesus who willingly takes it, so you are forgiven.  That is God’s reign, His power, His Kingdom coming to you! 

 Today I am praying for:    

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

Today I heard God’s Word taught and I learned:

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

 The Kingdom of God Glory.  Revelation 7:9-17

What is heaven like?  When people ask that question what they are really asking is “what does Thy Kingdom of God’s Glory look like?  St. John in his revelation of Jesus Christ gives us a glimpse.   Everyone is dressed in white, like a wedding dress as the Church, the bride, meets her Groom.   The bride is perfect, spotless, sinless and holy.  The result of the Kingdom of God’s glory coming to us results in salvation.

One day when we see the fullness of God’s Glory, we will see Him as He is.  Moses was only able to see God as He walked away.  The fullness of God’s Glory would have destroyed a sinful Moses.  In a vision Isaiah was taken into the throne room of heaven and He saw God’s glory.  The room was filled with smoke.  His robe filled the temple!

What a sight that will be!  When thy Kingdom comes to us, when the Kingdom of God’s Glory is entirely manifest in our lives and in our world, this will be the result  “Behold, the dwelling place[a] of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people,[b] and God himself will be with them as their God.[c] He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.”

Thy Kingdom comes, in Glory, and it will be sinless, and fearless. We will stand before God our Father and see Him as He is.  Even here on earth, right now we see Thy Kingdom Come in Glory, although not in its fullness.   God’s Glory breaks into our broken world when Jesus in His Glorified state stood in front of the Women at His tomb.  God’s Glory in the risen Jesus appeared before the disciples. The Kingdom of God’s Glory also is held up before you in the Lord’s Supper.   The pastor holds up Jesus, in His Body and Blood and says, “The peace of the Lord be with you all”. 

One day when Jesus comes to take you home, or He comes again in Glory we will see Him in His fullness.  Today in His Word and Sacraments we see Him dimly, but still triumphant.  Muted but still graciously forgiving our sins.   

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer 

The Second Petition

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

 Thy Kingdom Comes in Power Grace and Glory.

John 19:1-11 & 16-22

Jesus commands us to pray, Thy Kingdom come, and it does.  The Kingdom of God’s Grace, Glory and Power breaks into our world to wrestle us out of the devil’s grasp and remove his claim to us through our sin.  Thy Kingdom comes to us at Jesus Crucifixion death and resurrection. 

The Kingdom of Power is shown in restraint.  When Jesus was on the cross, He did not destroy those who sought to destroy Him.  As Isaiah says “He was silent”.  God’s Kingdom of Power in Jesus comes to destroy only enemies of Jesus and His Cross.  Jesus, God’s Kingdom come to earth destroyed death, destroyed sins condemnation of you. 

The Kingdom of Grace is spoken to the thief on the cross.  “Today you will be with me in paradise”!  It is spoken to you and me as we get what we do not deserve.  Jesus Grace poured out for all when He said “IT IS FINISHED” and gave up His Spirit.

The Kingdom of Glory breaks into our world when Jesus descended into hell and declared Victory in deaths defeated domain.  Kingdom of Heaven Glory breaks into our world on the third day.  Jesus the first born of the dead!  God’s Power, Grace and Glory, wrapped up in Jesus for you.

Today I am praying boldly and confidently for:

Conclude with the Lord’s Prayer